Organisation von Wissen. Zwischen Offenheit und Exklusivität

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Dieser Forschungsschwerpunkt beschäftigt sich mit Fragen zur Arbeitswelt, dem Bildungssystem und der Wissenschaft. Vor allem: Wie offen bzw. exklusiv werden Daten und Wissen hier verarbeitet und organisiert? Dabei wird auf Perspektiven aus der Informatik, Wirtschaftsinformatik, Soziologie und Innovationsforschung zurückgegriffen.

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    Between control and participation: The politics of algorithmic management
    (2024) Krzywdzinski, Martin; Schneiß, Daniel; Sperling, Andrea
    Understanding the role of human management is crucial for the debate over algorithmic management—to date limited to studies on the platform economy. This qualitative case study in logistics reconstructs the actor constellations (managers, engineers, data scientists and workers) and negotiation processes in different phases of algorithmic management. It offers two major contributions to the literature: (1) a process model distinguishing three phases: goal formation, data production and data analysis, which is used to analyse (2) the politics of algorithmic management in conventional workplaces, which differ significantly from platform companies. The article goes beyond surveillance to elucidate the role of the regulatory framework, various actors' knowledge contributions to the algorithmic management system, and the power relations resulting therefrom. While the managerial goals in the examined case were not oriented towards a surveillance regime, the outcome was nevertheless a centralisation of knowledge and disempowerment of workers.
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    »Schöne neue Lieferkettenwelt«: Workers’ Voice und Arbeitsstandards in Zeiten algorithmischer Vorhersage
    (transcript Verlag, 2023) Klausner, Lukas Daniel; Heimstädt, Maximilian; Dobusch, Leonhard; Haipeter, Thomas; Helfen, Markus; Kirsch, Anja; Rosenbohm, Sophie
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    From Research Evaluation to Research Analytics. The digitization of academic performance measurement
    (2022) Krüger, Anne K.; Petersohn, Sabrina
    One could think that bibliometric measurement of academic performance has always been digital since the computer-assisted invention of the Science Citation Index. Yet, since the 2000s, the digitization of bibliometric infrastructure has accelerated at a rapid pace. Citation databases are indexing an increasing variety of publication types. Altmetric data aggregators are producing data on the reception of research outcomes. Machine-readable persistent identifiers are created to unambiguously identify researchers, research organizations, and research objects; and evaluative software tools and current research information systems are constantly enlarging their functionalities to make use of these data and extract meaning from them. In this article, we analyse how these developments in evaluative bibliometrics have contributed to an extension of indicator-based research evaluation towards data-driven research analytics. Drawing on empirical material from blogs and websites as well as from research and policy papers, we discuss how interoperability, scalability, and flexibility as material specificities of digital infrastructures generate new ways of data production and their assessment, which affect the possibilities of how academic performance can be understood and (e)valuated.
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    Navigating Through Changes of a Digital World
    (Springer International Publishing, 2022) Hauk, Nathalie; Hauswirth, Manfred; Werthner, Hannes; Prem, Erich; Lee, Edward A.; Ghezzi, Carlo
    In this chapter, we address the question of how trust in technological development can be increased. The use of information technologies can potentially enable humanity, social justice, and the democratic process. At the same time, there are concerns that the deployment of certain technologies, e.g., AI technologies, can have unintended consequences or can even be used for malicious purposes. In this chapter, we discuss these conflicting positions.
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    Soziologie der Postnormalität
    (2023) Mundt, Ingmar
    Rezension von Stephan Lessenich (2022): Nicht mehr normal: Gesellschaft am Rande des Nervenzusammenbruchs, Berlin: Hanser Berlin. 160 S., ISBN 978-3-446-27383-2, EUR 23,00.