Vol. 4 No. 1 (2024)

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    Promises and Myths of Artificial Intelligence
    (Weizenbaum Institute, 2024-02-19 00:00:00) Hirsch-Kreinsen, Hartmut; Krokowski, Thorben
    The development dynamics of any new technology are usually associated with promises of its special performance and completely new application possibilities. This is especially true for artificial intelligence (AI), prompting this contribution to inquire into which particular special features the technology promises. However, the imprecise rhetoric of that promise becomes apparent. Although it appears simple, clear, and convincing, it is fundamentally difficult to dispute and introduces multitudes of ambiguity, relying on fuzzy conceptual metaphors, very unspecific assessments, implicit misconceptions, technological determinism, and exaggerations of the future opportunities AI offers for economic and social progress. Ultimately, the promises of AI nourish their lasting persuasive power with notions from the old myth of the intelligent machine.