Proceedings of the Weizenbaum Conference 2022: Practicing Sovereignty

Dauerhafte URI für die Sammlung


Neueste Veröffentlichungen

Gerade angezeigt 1 - 5 von 21
  • Item
    Digital Inclusion of Low-Literate Adults: Challenging the Sequential Underpinnings of the Digital Divide
    (Weizenbaum Institute, 2023) Smit, Alexander; Swart, Joëlle; Broersma, Marcel
    Contemporary models of digital inclusion and the digital divide assume that developing the digital literacy that enables individuals to participate in society is a sequential and linear process that is more or less similar for all individuals in all contexts and requires basic linguistic skills. This paper challenges these understandings, arguing that such a technical, normative perspective excludes marginalized and disadvantaged publics, such as low-(digital) literate citizens. Based on a longitudinal ethnographic study of low-literate Dutch adults, we show that the often-described causal relation between (digital) literacies, (digital) participation, and (digital) inclusion is not as evident as it seems and neglects the important socio-cultural contexts through which (digital) literacies are often gained and enacted in everyday practice. Consequently, we argue that current conceptualizations of (digital) inclusion and (digital) participation need to be rethought in terms of the limitations, potential, and capabilities of low-literate people.
  • Item
    Machine Learning and the End of Theory: Reflections on a Data-Driven Conception of Health
    (Weizenbaum Institute, 2023) Guersenzvaig, Ariel
    Taking the notion of health as a leitmotif, this paper discusses some conceptual boundaries for using machine learning⁠ - a data-driven, statistical, and computational technique in the field of artificial intelligence⁠ - for epistemic purposes and for generating knowledge about the world based solely on the statistical correlations found in data (i.e., the "End of Theory" view⁠).The thrust of the argument is that prior theoretical conceptions, subjectivity, and values would - because of their normative power⁠ - inevitably blight any effort at knowledge-making that seeks to be exclusively driven by data and nothing else. The conclusion suggests that machine learning will neither resolve nor mitigate⁠ the serious internal contradictions found in the "biostatistical theory" of health⁠ - the most well-discussed data-driven theory of health. The definition of notions such as these is an ongoing and fraught societal dialogue where the discussion is not only about what is, but also about what should be. This dialogical engagement is a question of ethics and politics ⁠and not one of mathematics.
  • Item
    I Am Dissolving into Categories and Labels - Agency Affordances for Embedding and Practicing Digital Sovereignty
    (Weizenbaum Institute, 2023) Pop Stefanija, Ana; Pierson, Jo
    While the notion of digital sovereignty is loaded with a multitude of meanings referring to various actors, values and contexts, this paper is interested in how to actualize individual digital sovereignty. We do so by introducing the concept of agency affordances, which we see as a precondition for achieving digital sovereignty. We understand this notion as the ability to exercise power to, as autonomy and agency for (digital) self-sovereignty, and as power over the infrastructural sovereignty of the privately owned automated decision-making systems (ADM) systems of digital media platforms. Building our characterization of digital sovereignty on an empirical inquiry into individuals' requirements for agency, our analysis shows that digital sovereignty consists of two distinct but interrelated elements - data sovereignty and algorithmic sovereignty. Enabling practicable digital sovereignty through agency affordances, however, will require going beyond the just technical and extending towards the wider societal (infra)structures. We outline some initial steps on how to achieve that.
  • Item
    REUSE Software: Making Copyright and Licensing Compliance Easier for Everyone
    (Weizenbaum Institute, 2023) Lasota, Lucas
    Best practices for displaying data and metadata pertaining to software licensing and copyright are currently unharmonized. The multiple competing licensing requirements for communicating the chosen license of a software project and its copyright holders increase the compliance burden on project maintainers, especially for smaller free and open source (FOSS) ones. The "REUSE Software" initiative aims to remediate this situation by defining a set of easy-to-implement best practices for declaring copyright and licensing in an unambiguous, human- and machine-readable way, so that the information is preserved when the file is copied and reused by third parties. REUSE specifications facilitate management policies for digital commons, improving data and metadata communication for individuals, communities, governments, and businesses.
  • Item
    Community-Governed and Community-Paid Publishing: Resilient Support for Independent Open Access Journals
    (Weizenbaum Institute, 2023) Wrzesinski, Marcel
    Community-driven open access journals foster the idea of a biblio-diverse publishing ecosystem and challenge the prevalent commercialization of academic publishing. But despite their importance, their existence is threatened. With little to no budget they operate mostly on "gifted labor" (Adema/Moore, 2018, 8) by their editorial teams and free support by public infrastructures. The first part of this article describes the model, key functions, and governance principles of community-driven open access journals within the business of global academic publishing. In promoting fair, resilient, and gratis open access, they contribute to the evolution of an inclusive and biblio-diverse publishing ecosystem. In the second part I will detail ways to support community-driven open access journals, e.g., through substantial funding, coaching, and networking. Following-up on this, I will end with introducing a network developed by the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society that provides information materials and increases visibility for these journals.